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Johore Battery and Shopping Places in Singapore
||Johore Battery is one of the heritage trails in Singapore having a history that dates to 1930s. Johore Battery site comprises 3 guns, part of 29 coastal guns, that were installed in Singapore. The three weapons are among the largest ever coastal guns in the country. In mid 1930, these coastal guns at Changi once defended the naval base that was located at Sembawang.
History of Johore Battery
Three guns exclusively installed at Changi were called Johore Battery. Two others were set up in Buona Vista. The Changi guns were named so as the Sultan of Johore, Ibrahim II, OF Malaysia donated 500,000 pounds for silver jubilee celebration to th King of United Kingdom, George V. Around 400,000 pounds was used to get the guns installed at Changi and was named after the Johore.
It became an important defense mechanism for Singapore coasts. The Johore Battery site had a number of tunnels built to store ammunitions.
| These guns could fire all 15-inch shells. In world history, these guns are largest ever installed anywhere outside Britain post World War II. They were tested first in Britain in 1934 and 7 of them defended the coastline there before being shipped to Singapore. The British army had sealed the site until rediscovered in 1991. Replicas of the guns and shells are still seen there. |
Johore Battery Guns in Singapore
These guns had some important features, such as:
Uses of Johore Battery Guns
- Largest coastal weapons of the era
- 15-inch guns, 38 cms being the diameter of the shells
- The gun barrels measured around 16.5 meters
- The fired shells could target ships 20 miles from the coast
- Each gun had separate bunker for ammunition
- The three guns sat 500 meters apart from each other
- They were used to stop any battleship at the sea from targeting the naval base
With extreme potentials, two of the three guns could fire from the rear too and target the mainland of Singapore. Though installed in mid 1930s, its usage became prominent during 1942. Japanese infantry sites were bombarded from the side of Johor Bahru. The guns fired around 194 rounds during the fight against British occupation.
Tourist Information about Johore Battery site
Address – Off Upper Changi Road, Cosford Road, Singapore (North)
Timing – 9am-5pm (only week days)
Access – Via Selarang Camp way and From Tenah Merah station