Singapore or the Republic of Singapore is the land with diverse culture and tradition, where art and architecture are at their brilliance, a place where technology and culture melt into each other. Singapore is also a major stopover point for flights flying east to west and vice versa. Singapore has two main airports – Singapore Changi Airport and Seletar airport.|
Singapore Changi Airport or Changi International Airport is the main airport of Singapore. The project was awarded to Penta Ocean Construction. The airport is operated and maintained by Changi Airport Group, and this airport is among the highest employment generating body which has provided jobs to almost 30,000 people and contributes largely to the economy of Singapore. Many of the airlines such as Singapore Airlines, Valuair, Singapore Airlines Cargo, Jett8 Airlines and many more carry all their operations from this airport only. As per the records of March 2012, Changi International Airport handles more than 100 airlines which operate 6,100 weekly flights and these flights connect Singapore to almost 60 counties worldwide. The airport was built on the policy of future expansion so that the common problem of future congestion can be avoided. In the original master plan of the airport only two terminals were detailed out while provisions were given for further expansion.
The whole construction process was divided into two phases; Phase 1 and Phase 2. These phases led to the construction of two passenger terminals, two runways, and 78 aircraft parking bays, maintenance hangar, air freight complex, fire stations and many other facilities.
Changi Airport has the handling capacity of more than 70 million passengers annually. The airport has four terminals; Terminal 1was opened in 1981, Terminal 2 was opened in 1990 followed by Terminal 3 which was inaugurated in 2008. The Budget Terminal was inaugurated in 2006 to handle the air traffic, but according to recent news Singapore authorities have decided to close it down by September 2012. This has been done to make way for Terminal 4 which is set to be operational by 2017. This airport has been given the title of seventh busiest airport in the world and second busiest in Asia. It was because it crossed its own record of 45 million passengers in December 2011. The airport is not only efficient in handling passenger aircrafts but it is also handles the heaviest air cargo of the world. It handled almost 1,865,252 tons of cargo weight in 2011.
The other airport is Seletar Airport which is located in north-eastern region of Singapore at Seletar. It is Singapore’s first international airport which in 1928 was completed as a flying Royal Air Force Station known as RAF Seletar and this airport is also maintained by Changi Airport Group. This airport was used as Royal Air Force Station from 1928 to 1971. But now Seletar airport is used for general aviation, which is mainly for chartered flights and it is also used for flying training purpose. Singapore Youth Flying Club and Singapore Flying College conduct their flying training at this airport. This airport has a single runway and has the handling capacity of 27 aircraft. As per the records of 2000, the airport handled about 24,000 passengers, 7,500 flights and 6,025 tons of cargo. This airport has 100 square meters of warehouse space, aiding accommodation of 840 tons of cargo weight per day.
Recently, the airport has finished runway extension as part of a major upgrade project designed to position the airport as a specialized facility for general aviation, business aviation and maintenance in addition to repair and overhaul (MRO) activities. The airport’s runway was extended by 250 meters to 1.84km, as a result of which, the airport is now able to support bigger jet operations and take off of larger crafts.